Risk Factors And Symptoms Of Diabetes

Diabetes Mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases that is classified by the high glucose levels which result from lack of insulin secretion, or its action, or both. It is more commonly known as diabetes which was first defined as a disease associated with sweet urine and excessive muscle loss during the ancient times. Increased levels of blood glucose, hyperglycemia, can lead to glucose being discharged with urine, hence sweet urine.

Blood glucose levels are controlled by insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas which lowers the blood-glucose level. When food is consumed and digested, our blood-glucose levels become elevated. This would in turn trigger the release of insulin to normalize the blood-glucose levels by promoting the uptake of glucose into our cells. Diabetes affects an estimate of 29.1 million people, 9.3% of the population, in the United States. In addition, another 86 million people may have prediabetes and they do not know it.

Over a long period of time, diabetes may lead to blindness, kidney failure and nerve damage. These are the result of damage to small vessels which is referred to as microvascular disease. Diabetes also plays an important factor in accelerating the hardening and narrowing of the arteries which would then lead to strokes, coronary heart disease and other large blood vessel diseases which is known as macrovascular disease.

Some causes of diabetes are due to the insufficient production of insulin, production of defective insulin or the cell’s inability to use insulin properly and efficiently. The cell’s inability to use insulin properly and efficiently affects mostly the muscle cells as well as fat tissues. This results in insulin resistance which is the main problem in type 2 diabetes. The absolute lack of insulin is the main disorder in type 1 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, a steady decline of beta cells add on to the process of elevated blood sugars. Basically, if a person is resistant to insulin, the body can, to a certain extent, increase production of insulin thus overcoming the level of resistance. Overtime, if production decreases resulting in a slowdown of the release of insulin, diabetes develops.

There is no definite way to know if you have diabetes without having to undergo blood tests to determine your blood-glucose levels. As a result, many people are unaware that they have diabetes, especially in the early stages when symptoms may not be present.

However, some of the potential early tell-tale signs of diabetes are:
1. Increase urine output which would then lead to dehydration. Dehydration would also cause increased thirst as well as water consumption
2. Weight loss would still occur despite an increase in appetite resulting from a relative or absolute insulin deficiency
3. Fatigue
4. Nausea and vomiting
5. Frequent infections such as infections of the bladder, skin and vaginal areas.
6. Blurred vision may also occur as a result of fluctuations in blood-glucose levels

Some people are more prone to diabetes due to certain risk factors. Risk factors for type 1 diabetes are not well understood but family history is a known risk factor for type 1. On the other hand, many risk factors are known for type 2 diabetes and some of these factors are:
1. Being overweight or obese
2. High blood pressure
3. Family history
4. Sedentary lifestyle
5. Increasing age

Diabetes Test Strips, Ink Cartridges And Big Pharma

Congratulations! You’ve just been diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes. Welcome. You are going to learn SO MUCH stuff. And as a lovely parting gift from your doctor for allowing him to share this exciting news with you, here is you very own, brand new glucometer to test your blood sugars, complete with meter, 10 lancets and 10 free test strips. A “value” of over $100…now yours, absolutely FREE, just for playing “Hey, Why Am I Always So Darn Thirsty?”. Then the doctor disappears, nurse gives you your first little “prick” to show you how to “do it”, packs up all of your new stuff into a plastic bag and schedules a 3 month follow-up. Is that the way it happened for you? Yeah, same for most of us.

Anyway, now that you’re “diabetic”, strap yourself in for the learning curve (it looks like a roller coaster at Six Flags). You are about to get a crash course on everything related to being a Type 2 Diabetic from education classes with a “diabetes educator”, learn really important stuff about nutrition ( I STILL don’t get that whole “exchange” thing ), warning signs, explanations and examples of what happens when your blood sugars are too low or too high. You’ll get books, and manuals, infographics, phone numbers, different doctors or professionals to have on your “care team” Did you know you are even going to have a dentist and an eye doctor on it? Just who’s NOT going to be billing my insurance company?

So, I thought this was FREE?

The one thing you didn’t get with all of your “free” stuff ( actually paid for by your insurance company ), was a “price list”. “Why would I need a price list?” you might ask. Well because diabetes is big BUSINESS and there TRILLION$ of GLOBAL DOLLAR$ to be made by the same companies that either bill or pay for $425 for an aspirin while in hospital. You think that’s bad? You ain’t seen nothin’ yet. Wait until you need to go out of pocket for test strips. Be careful to not have a stroke – remember, as a diabetic, you ARE at risk!

Okay…Let Me Have It…I’m Ready Now For MORE Bad News…

Alright, let me prepare you for it first. You’ve kind of been in this spot before.

Remember when your “old” computer printer crapped out and you went to Wal-Mart to go buy a cheap one…and WOW, look at how cheap they ARE! Such a deal. You almost wanted to buy TWO they were so cheap (c’mon, they’re printers not big jars of peanut butter 2-for-1…oh wait I DO need peanut butter ). You were so happy and proud at all the money you saved. You hurried right home, plugged everything in, ran a test page – LOOKS GREAT – then got to work printing stuff out.

Then….it STOPPED! After only what seems like 10 pages, it ran out of ink. The kid at Wal-Mart didn’t know that the manufacturer only puts enough ink in the printer to get it home and get you excited. The reality now hits – you have to go get an ink cartridge – but hey, how expensive can an ink cartridge cost for a $30 printer? No problem, right?

“WAIT…There Must Be Some Sort Of Mistake!”

How can a BLACK ink cartridge cost almost as much as my printer? You tell the clerk at the office supply store ( or Wal-mart again ) “You need to check the price in you computer. It MUST be wrong!” After 10 minutes of “huh?”, you realize you have been “suckered”. But don’t feel too bad about it…it happens again when you get your new glucometer.

Remember in your new box for your meter, you received 10 lancets and 10 test strips? Well, think of the test strips as the ink cartridge ( and in this case, like the “teaser” ink cartridge that came with your new printer – starting to get that “old” feeling? ). The glucometer was actually FREE – whereas you stilled paid a little money for your printer. Now if your printer cost about $30 and ink cartridges cost about as much, then it makes sense that if my glucometer is FREE, then my test strips are going to be pretty close to free, too. Right? Oh, it is always so sad to tell a young child one day that there really is no Santa Claus. The answer, I’m afraid, is NO! Not Even CLOSE. It’s very likely that a box of 50 test strips is going to cost just about as much as your ink cartridge – but your ink cartridge is actually going to look pretty inexpensive when you compare it to your test strips. Watch this very carefully

Kind of Diabetes

Diabetes is a clinical syndrome having high blood sugar levels along with an extra amount of glucose present in urine. Having high blood glucose levels or high blood sugar levels is known as Hyperglycemia. There are many causes of Hyperglycemia, but main causes are type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes can be caused due to lack of insulin or insulin resistance. Medically, Diabetes is referred as Diabetes Mellitus. Mainly diabetes is a metabolic disorder.

As per WHO (World Health Organization, in 1980, the number of people with diabetes was 108 million that has raised to 422 million in 2014. (Source: WHO)

Diabetes is a chronic disease (long standing disease). The pancreas is one of the body organs that produces Insulin. Insulin is one type of hormone that regulates blood sugar levels in the body. Diabetes is mainly due to when there is insulin deficiency, means pancreas fails to produce enough insulin required for a body to maintain blood sugar levels or when the pancreas produces enough insulin but body fails to use that insulin produced by the pancreas. Lack of insulin affects the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats that can lead to water and electrolyte imbalance. Long-standing diabetes can cause structural as well as functional changes in body organs such as eyes, kidney or nervous system of the body.

Worldwide types 2 diabetes patients are more common rather than type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is mainly associated with obesity, unhealthy diet, lazy lifestyle and increasing urban craze.
Normal Blood Sugar Levels

Searching whether you are having normal blood sugar levels or having high blood sugar levels or low blood sugar levels? and for that, you must know the normal blood sugar levels.

Normal blood sugar levels for healthy individuals are:

Fasting blood glucose level ranges from 72 to 108 mg/dL
Two hours after eating blood glucose level should be up to 140 mg/dL
Random blood glucose level should be below 200 mg/dL

Normal blood sugar levels for diabetic patients are:

Before having meal, blood glucose level should be from 72 to 126 mg/dL for both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes
After having meal, blood glucose level should be below 162 mg/dL for type 1 diabetes and below 154 mg/dL for type 2 diabetes
Random blood glucose level should be 200 mg/dL or more

Types of Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus are mainly having two types: Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes

Previously, Type 1 diabetes was known as Insulin Depended Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM). Type 1 diabetes is mainly due to insufficient production of Insulin required for a body to maintain blood glucose level by the pancreas. This type of diabetes requires insulin from outside.
What causes Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. Of this type, there is a destruction of beta cells in the pancreatic islets that are responsible for the production of insulin. This insulin deficiency causes high blood sugar levels in the body which end up with to diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes may be associated with other diseases that are autoimmune too, such as Thyroid disease, Addison’s disease, Coeliac disease or Vitiligo.

Some other causes for type 1 diabetes are:

Some hormones released due to stress may lead to type 1 diabetes.
Diet and type 1 diabetes: Smoked and meat containing nitrosamines and coffee are toxins causing diabetes.
Some parents are found not giving breastfeeding to their baby in early infancy. There is bad news for them because if they are giving cow’s milk to their babies. Because cow’s milk has Bovine serum albumin (BSA) in it may cause type 1 diabetes.

How To Reverse Diabetes

The medical community has labelled diabetes – especially Type 2 diabetes – as an epidemic. If only there was a way to reverse diabetes (Type 2 (T2) diabetes). The good news is that T2 diabetes is entirely reversible through both natural and medical ways. With diabetes being a leading cause of kidney failure and high blood pressure, getting rid of it is important.

Diabetes occurs when the body fails to produce insulin or, in the case of T2, the insulin produced is not sufficient enough to regulate the glucose levels in the body.

It is worth noting that Type I diabetes is an autoimmune disease and thus reversing it is close to nil. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is a lifestyle disease which can be reversed. This article concentrates on reversing Type 2 diabetes.

The primary cause of T2 diabetes is leading an unhealthy lifestyle by consuming sugars, refined carbohydrates, and fatty foods. High-stress levels are also to blame for the rising number of people with diabetes.

Genetic factors are also to blame for diabetes mildly. Individuals with a history of diabetes are predisposed to the disease. Genetic predisposition works in combination with other factors.

To reverse diabetes (T2), the wholesome approach is necessary. Most of the methods of fighting diabetes out there entail a single approach to dealing with blood sugar. But combining some factors is needed to help reverse the harmful effects of diabetes.

Here are several steps to reverse diabetes – Type 2:

1. Control your insulin � Diabetes occurs as a result of the body lacking adequate insulin. To reverse diabetes, focus on boosting your insulin levels. You can do this by eating food high in fiber such as fruits and whole grain carbohydrates.

2. Exercise � Weight gain causes fat to block the pancreas. This, in turn, inhibits the production of insulin. Exercising will help you lose weight leading to a dramatic change in your disease. When your muscles are strong due to exercise, their resistance to insulin reduces.

3. Clean your gut � Toxins are to blame for most medical problems. By getting rid of toxins and grains in the intestines, you are a step closer to reversing diabetes.

4. Maintain fat balance in the body � Too much fatty foods especially omega fats are to blame for diabetes. Having too much Omega six contributes to diabetes. Balancing the Omega 6 and Omega three is important.

5. Stress control � When your mind is not as peace, your sugar levels tend to rise. Stress not only makes you prone to diseases such as heart attacks and other chronic diseases. Practicing daily relaxation techniques will ensure that you are not under stress and consequently help reverse diabetes.

It is important to monitor your diabetes regularly. Through regular testing, you will be in charge of your condition. As you make lifestyle changes, your type 2 diabetes is likely to start reversing. Monitor this progress since in some cases there may be a change in your dosage. Have a food log and testing types of equipment. Take note of any food that may have caused a surge in your blood sugar level.

Disease Spreading Like Wild Fire Worldwide

Insulin makes it possible for glucose to enter our cells. As such, our pancreas produces an adequate quantity of insulin during digestion. This would then enable glucose present in our blood to enter our cells which then decreases our blood-glucose levels. When our body does not produce enough insulin, our blood-glucose levels remain high and this is known as hyperglycemia. This would then result in excess blood-glucose which is passed out of our bodies in urine and that the cells are not getting glucose for essential energy and growth requirements. Doctors are able to determine if a person has a normal metabolism, prediabetes or diabetes by using three possible tests. The tests that can be carried out are the A1C test, the FPG (fasting plasma glucose test) and the OGTT (oral glucose tolerance test).

So what are the different types of diabetes?

In Type 1 Diabetes, our body does not produce insulin. Some people may refer to this type as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes or early on-set diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is not as common as type 2 diabetes and happens often in early adulthood or teenage years.

With Type 2 Diabetes, our body does not produce enough insulin or the cells develop insulin resistant. With the lack of insulin, glucose remains in our blood leading to high glucose-blood levels. This would then eventually lead to serious health problems.
You can also have prediabetes. This means that your blood glucose is higher than normal level but not high enough to be termed as diabetes. Having prediabetes puts you at a greater risk of getting Type 2 Diabetes.

Pregnant women can have gestational diabetes. This is when some women have very high levels of glucose into their cells, resulting in progressively rising levels of diabetes. Most patients with gestational diabetes are able to control their diabetes with exercise and diet. Undiagnosed or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can raise the risk of complications during childbirth. Scientists from the National Institutes of Health and Harvard University found that women whose diets before pregnancy were high in animal fat and cholesterol had a higher risk for gestational diabetes as compared to their counterparts whose diets were low in cholesterol and animal fats.

Over a period of time, with the accumulated glucose in your blood, it will cause considerable health issues to you. It can damage your eyes, kidneys, nerves and more. Diabetes can also cause heart disease, stroke, hypertension and even the need to amputate a certain limb.
Blood tests can show if you have diabetes or how you are managing your diabetes. Exercise, weight control, controlled meal plan, monitoring of blood glucose level and prescribed medication daily help with your diabetes.